Credit scores are based on your credit history and can play a significant role in the type of loan and loan terms, such as interest rate, a lender may offer you. A credit score generally ranges from 300-850, and the higher your number, the better you look to a lender because it signals that you’re more likely to repay your debt on time. Credit scores are usually calculated by taking the following into account: Payment history, credit utilization (or the percentage of your credit limits you’re using), length of credit history and mix of credit accounts, amounts you owe, recent credit behavior, and available credit. Lenders, creditors and others often use credit scores to help them determine the likelihood that someone will pay back what they owe on transactions such as loans, credit cards, mortgages, utilities, and even apartment rentals. Credit scores can also be used as one factor in determining loan and credit terms, such as interest rates. People with very low credit scores may be referred to as subprime borrowers, and lending institutions may charge higher interest rates in consideration of the increased risk of lending money to these borrowers. Credit scores are generally calculated using information from from one or more of a person's credit reports from the three nationwide credit reporting agencies, Equifax®, Experian®, and TransUnion®. You can see your VantageScore credit score, based on Equifax data, for free here. A VantageScore is one of many types of credit scores.
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