7 Things to Know About Fraud Alerts
When you’ve been a victim of identity theft, it’s tough to know what to do first. One of the phrases you may have heard when it comes to identity theft is a fraud alert. But do you know what fraud alerts do, what types are available or how fraud alerts work?
A fraud alert is a notice that is placed on your credit report that alerts credit card companies and others who may extend you credit that you may have been a victim of fraud, including identity theft. Think of it as a “red flag” to potential lenders and creditors.
You may contact any of the three major credit bureaus -- Equifax, Experian and TransUnion -- to request a fraud alert. Once you place an alert with one of the bureaus, that bureau will send your request to the other two bureaus. Fraud alerts can be placed on your credit reports for free.
Here are seven things you might not know about fraud alerts.
A fraud alert encourages third parties to take extra steps to
verify your identity before extending credit.
What exactly does this mean? With an initial 90-day fraud alert, companies are encouraged to contact you by phone or another method of your choice in order to verify your identity. This can make it more difficult for an identity thief or fraudster to open new accounts or modify existing accounts in your name. However, it’s important to note a fraud alert would not prevent an identity thief from attempting to use an existing account – a credit card, for example.
You only need to contact one of the major credit bureaus in order
to have a fraud alert placed on all three of your credit reports.
Fraud alerts are designed so that you only have to contact one of the three major credit bureaus by phone or online to request an initial 90-day fraud alert on your credit report. The major credit bureau you contact must pass the alert on to the other two major credit bureaus.
There is a seven-year fraud alert available to you. These fraud
alerts are also known as extended fraud alerts.
When you first contact Equifax (or one of the other major credit bureaus) to place a fraud alert, a 90-day fraud alert is placed on your credit reports. You also have the option of placing a seven-year fraud alert, also known as an “extended” fraud alert, on your credit reports. In order to place an extended fraud alert on your credit reports, you will need a police and/or identity theft report. Complete an Equifax extended fraud alert request form to place your extended fraud alert.
For service members, there is an active duty military alert.
An active duty alert is an option specifically available for U.S. service men and women. Like an initial 90-day fraud alert, an active duty alert encourages companies to take extra steps to verify your identity, such as contacting you by phone, before opening new accounts in your name or modifying existing ones. This type of fraud alert lasts for 12 months. Service men and women can have a personal representative with a Power of Attorney add the fraud alert on their behalf if they are already deployed.
You can update or remove a fraud alert by phone or mail.
Removing or updating contact information on a fraud alert—90-day, seven-year, or active duty military alert—can be done by phone or mail at any of the three major credit bureaus. At Equifax, if you wish to update your information over the phone, you will need to answer questions that are designed to verify your identity. If your identity can’t be verified, we will provide you with more information about the documents you’ll need to mail to us in order for us to make sure we validate your identity.
At Equifax, if you choose to update your fraud alert by mail, you’ll need to send the request in writing along with two copies of identification documents such as a driver’s license or Social Security number.
Someone else is able to manage your fraud alert on your behalf.
A “personal representative” can be designated to manage a fraud alert on your behalf with a Power of Attorney or court appointed document. The personal representative can add, delete, or update fraud alert information.
There are many additional resources that offer great information
about fraud alerts and fraud-related topics.
In addition to the three major credit bureaus, you may find more information about fraud alerts on the Equifax website, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and/or the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) websites. Your state Attorney General’s website may also offer educational material on fraud-related topics, including types of fraud and what to do if you’re a victim of fraud.